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Government of Sindh
The Government of Sindh is the provincial government of the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Its powers and structure are set out in the provisions of the 1973 Constitution, in which 29 districts come under its authority and jurisdiction. The government includes the cabinet, selected from members the Sindh Assembly, and the non-political civil staff within each department.
The province is governed by a unicameral legislature with the head of government known as the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister, invariably the leader of a political party represented in the Assembly, selects members of the provincial Cabinet. The Chief Minister and Cabinet are thus responsible the functioning of government and are entitled to remain in office so long as it maintains the confidence of the elected Assembly.
The head of state of the province is known as the Governor and the province’s administrative head system is the Chief Secretary. Although the Governor is the head of the province on paper, it is largely a ceremonial position; and the main powers lie with the Chief Minister of Sindh and Chief Secretary Sindh.
The terms Government of Sindh or Sindh Government are often used in official documents. The seat of government is in Karachi, thus serving as the capital of the province.
The official head of the province of Sindh is the Governor, appointed by the president of Pakistan under article 101 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan 1973 and holds so during the pleasure of the president. Nevertheless, as to the certain provisions of the constitution, the Governor, in performance of the vested functions, does act in accordance with the advice of the cabinet or the Chief Minister.
The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor from amongst the chosen representatives of the Sindh assembly, who, in his opinion, must possess the confidence of the 1/3 majority out of aggregate number of members.
The Chief Secretary Sindh, as head of the provincial bureaucracy, is the administrative boss of the province. The provincial Chief Secretary is appointed by the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
The Government of Sindh holds a cabinet of minister, each entrusted with a specific portfolio, with the chief minister as its head. The cabinet aids and advises the Governor in the exercise of his functions.
The Chief minister, as the head to the cabinet, notifies to Governor of all the decisions of the cabinet relative to the affairs of the administration as well as the proposals for legislation.